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Hand & Wrist
Hand and Wrist Conditions and Treatments
The hands and wrists are one of the most used and relied on body parts for everyday tasks. You use them day in and day out一from sipping your coffee in the morning to brushing your teeth at night.
More importantly, this part of your body proves to be the most useful when it comes to sports, work, and other strenuous activities. But, unfortunately, repetitive stress can compromise the health of your hand and wrist, exposing them to different kinds of injuries and conditions.
But the good news is that Pinnacle Orthopaedics specializes in the care and treatment of the hand and wrist一from musculoskeletal disorders to sports injuries.
Below, our leading hand surgeon will discuss everything there is to know about common wrist and hand conditions, common causes, and treatment options.
Anatomy of the Wrist and Hand
The hand and wrist have a highly complex and intertwined structure made up of 27 bones. It also has 24 muscles and several joints to allow different functions, such as grasp and grip. Some of the main and important structures of these two body parts include:
The wrist is formed by the two prominent bones of the forearm called radius and ulna. Thus, the wrist serves as the bridge where the bones of the hand and forearms meet, joined by multiple joints that allow movement.
The hands have several small bones called carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges (finger bones). The carpals directly connect to the wrist joints, while the metacarpals havefive5 tiny bones that comprise the middle part of the hand.
Between all these bones are ligaments that connect bones to other bones for support. The structure also has a bunch of tendons to attach muscles to the bones and facilitate movement.
Although well-built, this part of your body can still suffer from different conditions due to overuse, repetitive stress, or trauma. Additionally, aging and an underlying medical condition can also affect your wrist and hand's health.
Common Conditions of the Hand and Wrist
Painful sensations, stinging, burning, numbness, and soreness in the hands and wrist warrant a doctor's visit. If not addressed, these seemingly harmless symptoms might lead to a more severe condition, such as the following:
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
The carpal tunnel refers to a narrow, tube-like canal on the palm side of the wrist. It serves as the passageway of the tendons and nerves that connect the hand to the forearm. Furthermore, its purpose is to protect the structures inside its "tunnel," specifically the median nerve.
However, it can easily suffer from painful inflammation during repetitive use of the fingers, hands, and wrists. As a result of the swelling, the median nerves become "pinched" or compressed, resulting in painful sensations. This disease is called carpal tunnel syndrome. Its most common signs and symptoms include:
Wrist and hand pain, especially in the thumb, middle, and index finger.
Numbness and tingling feeling.
Weakness in the affected area.
Fortunately, an expert hand and wrist doctor can quickly restore its function through proper rehabilitation and therapy. But for severe cases, a wrist surgeon may opt to perform an endoscopic or open surgical procedure.
De Quervain's Tenosynovitis
De Quervain's syndrome may not be as common as carpal tunnel syndrome, but it can be as painful. This condition refers to an inflamed tendon located at the base of the thumb by the side of the wrist. One of its major symptoms is intense pain in the area during thumb movement or function.
Flexor Tendon Injuries
Flexor tendons refer to elongated tissues originating from the forearms and extending into the small bones of the fingers. Their primary function is to facilitate the bending or straightening of fingers on the palm side.
However, these tendons are located close to the skin's surface, making it prone to deep cuts, tears, and other forms of damages. In addition, injury to the flexor tendon also affects the finger joints, making it impossible to use the affected fingers.
A hand doctor usually recommends surgery in most flexor tendon injuries since tendons cannot heal unless the torn ends are touching.
A fractured hand means you have one or more broken bones in the fingers and/or the palm. Fractured bones also affect the nearby soft tissues and nerves, making movement difficult and painful.
This type of injury usually happens due to falls, vehicular accidents, crush or twisting accidents, and direct blows during contact sports. Additionally, studies suggest that hand fractures also have a high prevalence in children, accounting for 2.3% of all ER visits.
Trigger Finger Injuries
A trigger finger occurs when the fingers or thumb gets stuck or "locked" in a bent position. This happens when the bands of tissues holding the flexor tendons suffer from inflammation due to forceful activities. A medical condition, like rheumatoid arthritis, can also cause this kind of injury.
Common symptoms of trigger finger injuries include pain, stiffness, and a popping sensation when you move the fingers.
Wrist sprains commonly happen when you sustain a bad fall onto an outstretched hand. This results in a damaged ligament, which can cause extreme pain, swelling, and bruising.
Most cases of wrist sprains occur in athletes playing highly physical sports. In fact, out of all injuries, hand and wrist sprain is the most common injury for athletes with over 49% prevalence.
Fortunately, you can easily treat mild wrist sprains by resting, icing, compressing, and elevating the affected area. But for severe cases, a wrist surgeon might need to get involved to repair torn ligaments.
When to See a Hand and Wrist Doctor
Mild wrist and hand conditions go away on their own with proper rest. However, some symptoms may persist for extended periods of time, requiring medical attention and treatment. This includes the following:
Pain or any discomfort even when resting the affected hand.
Pain or discomfort during activity.
Inability to move or limited movement and range of motion.
Swelling, numbness, tingling, and soreness.
It is better to consult an orthopedic hand doctor at once during these circumstances, especially for urgent cases, such as fractures and dislocations.
An orthopedic doctor who specializes in treating hand conditions can help solve your ailing problems. Furthermore, these experts can give you a proper consultation, diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures about your situation.
So if you or someone you know has been suffering from a wrist or hand condition, then seek medical help from a hand surgeon at once.
Specialized Orthopedic Care and Treatment at Pinnacle Orthopaedics
If you are looking for a board-certified hand and wrist doctor, then stop Googling "orthopedic near me" anymore because you have found it!
At Pinnacle Orthopaedics, we provide the highest quality of orthopedic care to patients through our innovative surgical and non-surgical treatments. We have Fellowship Trained and Board Certified Physicians who specialize in the care and treatment of the hand and wrist.
Our team focuses on hand and wrist issues from acute injuries to chronic problems. They diagnose and treat musculoskeletal disorders including the bones, joints, ligaments, and muscles.
Our Hand and Wrist team performs procedures, treats sports injuries and repairs trauma of the hand and wrist using the most advanced knowledge and treatment. Our Wrist and Hand Center focuses on a continuum of care between the physician and the rest of the healthcare team in order to return the patient back to their prior level of function as quickly and safely as possible.
Get a proper consultation for your condition by giving us a call at 770-427-5717 or submitting a contact form. You can also visit one of our orthopedic clinics conveniently located near you: