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Three Common Orthopedic Foot Conditions

You are on your feet every day, sometimes for several hours. As a result, it isn't surprising that you may develop an orthopaedic foot condition over time.

Perhaps you already know the cause of the foot condition, but sometimes it is a mystery. Regardless, if it is causing distress, it is time to see a foot and ankle doctor so you can get the correct diagnosis and start treatment.

In this article, we will provide an overview of some of the more common orthopaedic foot conditions that we see in our patients.


1. Bunions

Bunions are abnormal bumps on the feet on the large toe joint. A bunion can cause the big toe to turn inward if not treated. It is more common in women because they have narrow feet, and the shoes they may choose to wear as tight shoes can put pressure on the joint.

A family history of bunions is another risk factor. Rheumatoid arthritis can also put one at risk for developing bunions.

In addition to the large bump on the toe joint, other symptoms can include tenderness of the toe, difficulty moving the toe, or pain with movement.

You can often treat bunions conservatively by changing their footwear. You can also purchase bunion pads over the counter for comfort. Icing the toe also can be helpful. Sometimes a doctor can recommend specialized shoes.

When conservative methods have failed, corrective surgery may be an option.


2. Ingrown Toenails

With ingrown toenails, the toenail begins to grow into the nail groove. Ingrown toenails are painful and uncomfortable. They are often caused by wearing poorly fitted shoes.

Another cause of ingrown toenails is improper nail clipping. If they are cut the nail too short, it can cause ingrown toenails. It has also been found that you may be more likely to experience the condition if it runs in your family.

Symptoms include pain, redness, swelling, or pain around the toenail or groove. Treatment is also conservative initially and can consist of:

  • Keeping the feet washed and cleaned well with antibacterial soap

  • Cut the toenails straight across

  • Wear properly fitted shoes

If you suspect the ingrown toenail is infected, then you should see a foot and ankle doctor for an evaluation.

3. Plantar Fasciitis

A common cause of heel pain in patients is Plantar Fasciitis. It occurs when the ligament responsible for supporting the heel in the foot becomes inflamed. There are some risk factors, including obesity, having a high foot arch, or having tight calf muscles.

You might find that the pain is worse first thing in the morning when you get out of bed. It may also worsen with activity or exercise. Sometimes repetitive movements such as running can make it worse.

Conservative treatments are recommended at first. These can include:

  • Ice for inflammation (20 minutes on 20 minutes off repeated as needed)

  • NSAID medications such ibuprofen

  • Resting the feet

  • Stretching

  • Wearing supportive footwear

  • Physical therapy, if necessary

However, if these conservative methods fail, then you should consider seeing a foot doctor. He or she may be able to propose other options, including steroid injections, that may be helpful.


Where Can I Go if I Am Concerned About an Orthopaedic Foot Condition?

Pinnacle Orthopaedics has board-certified physicians who are available to diagnose and treat foot and ankle injuries and conditions.

We understand that an injury or condition impacting your foot or ankle can have a significant impact on your life. Our practice has five convenient locations to choose from:


Questions? Please contact us or Visit us today!







The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.

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